What is VAT?
Article ID: 350 | Last Updated: Sun, Feb 24, 2013 at 11:31 AM
VAT: Value Added Tax
VAT is a consumption tax, charged on most goods and services traded for use or consumption in the EU. It is levied on the "value added" to the product at each stage of production and distribution. The "value added" means the difference between the cost of inputs into the product / service and the price at which it is sold to the consumer.
VAT is charged when VAT-registered (taxable) businesses sell to other businesses (B-2-B) or to the final consumer (B-2-C). VAT is intended to be "neutral" in that businesses are able to reclaim any VAT that they pay on goods or services. Ultimately, the final consumer should be the only one who is actually taxed.
Businesses are given a VAT identification number and have to show the VAT charged to customers on the invoices.